“On the present moment” № 11 (83), 2008.
- Russia’s place in the global crisis
- Key question to Russian and foreign bureaucracy with an answer
- Kingdom divided against itself…
- «Obama» — a project of global deceit
- Why Obama and not someone else? — some aspects
- Aspect of internal politics
- One of the aspects of foreign politics
- Forbidden questions in public politics of USA and Russia
- The original sin of statehood
- Fairness in the life of society: political ethics — mercenary or work
- An individual and culture
- Top secret: mentality of state power in the USA and in Russia 22
- Barack Obama is not free…
- Obama and Freedom
- Globalization and the United States: issues of president Obama
- Bible – slave’s shackles
- Prospective relationship between USA and Russia
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1. Russia’s place in the global crisis
1.1. Key question to Russian and foreign bureaucracy with an answer
Global financial crisis forced heads of number of states to gather for two meetings: first on November 13 and 14 in Nice in EU + Russia format and then on November 15 in Washington in the format of twenty most economically powerful countries. Judging by media reports even though both meetings paid significant attention to global financial system malfunction (subject was impossible to ignore), it did not deliver any worthy results, because delegates of both summits do not take into account and therefore do not discuss the fundamental principles of functioning of the system of global finances and credits. As consequence, no one either discussed a complex of alternative principles for building global system of finance and credits nor ways of switching to them without revolutionary and post-revolutionary shocks, all aimed at eliminating even the possibility of such crisis’s occurrence in the future.
Therefore G-20 summit in Washington turned out to be just pointless talks, for which none of the delegates would be accounted for, and it ended with same in its essence pointless declarations of goodwill, even though all participants might be sincerely convinced that they have completed a big deal of preparation work and in the summit’s course produced constructive results guaranteeing an overcoming of the current crisis and economic prosperity of the humanity.
“The leaders of the Group of 20 nations, including the world's richest countries and such major developing economies as China, Brazil, India and Russia, issued a joint statement and detailed action plan after their meeting Saturday pledging to take a variety of steps to combat the current economic crisis and make sure it doesn't happen again.” – reports The Washington Times.
In this article Martin Crutsinger, a corresponder of Associated Press agency, lists key points of the statement and the action plan.
According to the delegates, the root of the crisis lies in the fact that investors did not fully recognized the risks involved in their actions. “Part of the problem stemmed from the fact that the global economy had been doing so well for so long that that investors were lulled into a false sense of security.” - states the author, pointing out that this joint statement does not actually acknowledge the boom of high risk mortgages in the USA, which many believe to be the epicentre of the current crisis.
In the statement the leaders took an obligation to, when necessary, continue money transfers from central banks to commercial ones, aiming at restoration of normal lending and at stimulation of consumer demand, states the newspaper. According to them, Bush’s administration was opposed to these new pricey obligations especially now, in the times when USA budget is deep in deficit.
Mr. Crutsinger also mentions the improvement of regulation mechanism: G-20 leaders agreed on establishing before March 31 2009 a number of “supervisory colleges” which will include all major regulators of financial system from all over the world and which will meet regularly to discuss the state of largest banks, operating in several countries. The article also says that the participants pledged to improve regulation of derivatives.
In addition The Washington Times reports that the leaders agreed to quickly expand the “Financial Stability Forum” organization encompassing high-rank officials, management of central banks and regulator-agencies from a number of countries.
Leaders stated that International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank need to be comprehensively reformed to give more influence to developing countries and to expand the duties of IMF in economic monitoring of countries, mentions the author.
“Concerned that this severe financial crisis not lead to the same beggar-thy-neighbor trade policies that contributed to the Great Depression, the group pledged to refrain from erecting new trade barriers for the next 12 months” newspaper reports.
G-20 leaders pledged to meet again before April 30th 2009 and gave their ministers of finance an extensive list of measures to be taken before the next summit, concludes the newspaper (http://www.inopressa.ru/washtimes/2008/11/17/09:29:28/g20).
Many expected Washington summit to be sort of second Bretton-Woods (back then world leaders met to discuss post - WWII depression which resulted in creation of current financial system, oriented to US dollar as global currency). Gordon Brown, UK prime minister, held especially high hopes for such turn of events. However, breakthrough did not happen, delegates only outlined agenda for the nearest future. The only consolation to Brown was probably the fact that the next G-20 meeting in March 2009 which might bring the breakthrough might take place in the UK.
Dimitry Medvedev did not expect this summit to repeat Bretton-Woods, but in his speech he pointed out that “now world is in need for the ideas as powerful as decades ago”. Here is one of the many ideas expressed by the president before the summit: to establish an international organization of “recognized and independent “financial gurus””. Another one – make G-20 a main coordinator of reforms and development of global financial system – was supported in Washington. Consequently countries forming G-8 were named responsible for global financial security architecture.
Summit’s final declaration encompasses general principals for financial markets reform and tasks that all members of G-20 should give to their ministries and experts. Reformation plan also includes measures to be taken both in short term (before March 31 2009) and in mid-term. Those measures will affect standards of financial accounting, increasing requirements to rating agencies, management of risks. Declaration also mentions that Bretton-Woods financial organizations should undergo complete reformation. This concerns in the first place IMF and World Bank. For example, it has been decided to analyze if their resources are sufficient and to increase them if necessary. IMF will also inforce it’s role as a consultant in macro-economic policy.
All of the above show typically bureaucratic approach:
- a problem forced the biggest layer of international bureaucracy to gather in order to take measure towards this problem’s resolution
- however, bureaucrats themselves are not completely competent in the field and therefore could only direct financial resources and delegate problem resolution to the group of “financial gurus”, which come to think of it, has itself created the problem last year – same financial specialists were acting in the field of monetary exchange and providing consulting services to the same bureaucrats.
On October 12 2008, on the eve of the Nobel prize in economics winner’s announcement, a “news of the weeks” informational tv-show on Russian tv-channel “Rossia” dedicated it’s air time to financial crisis that has taken over the world. There was an attempt to figure out what was the role of Nobel prize in economics winners in the course of global economic processes. As a result, Nobel winners Harry Markowitz (USA) (also shared the prize in 1990 with Merton Miller and William Sharpe “For their pioneering work in the theory of financial economics”) and Robert C. Merton (USA) and Myron Scholes (Canada) (shared together the prize in 1997 “For the nez method to determine the value of derivatives”) were explicitly declared the creators of current economic crisis, because it was precisely them who theoretically proved the harmless nature of speculative machinations for the global economy, which reality proved were exactly the causes of crisis.
However information on pseudo-Nobel laureates, creators of global financial crisis, presented in Sunday (October 12th) news report on tv-channel “Rossia” was only an extended version of the report passed on the news of the First Russian tv-channel of October 5th 2008 (http://www.1tv.ru/news/world/129484.).
None the less, blaming current crisis on Nobel prize winners is quite superficial in its essence. This crisis is not a result of evil intention or incompetence of pseudo-laureates of Nobel prize, to whom trusted honest stock brokers and bankers, but it is a purely a logical outcome of fundamental principles of organization of monetary exchange in liberal bourjois West, principles that spread throughout the world, which turned this crisis into global disaster.
Since above mentioned economists and those winners of pseudo-Nobel prize in economics that have not been named here all are pretty far from resolving such issues as economical provision of human prosperity, then the only question to D.A. Medvedev and other participants of G-20 summit in Washington is as follows:
How do you – bureaucrats - intend to distinguish
- “gurus” that are actually competent in the matters of organization and management of regional and global macroeconomic systems and therefore have the ability to resolve this crisis once and for all
- from those “gurus” that with their thorough research and findings have actually paved the way to current mess
— provided that your own education in economics is either non-existent or of the same quality that those of the mentioned pseudo-Nobel laureates, and when you yourself are not willing to go into trouble of looking into the root, studying economic problematic and inadequacy of prevailing schools of economic science?
Unfortunately bureaucrats do not face the question of how to tell an efficient professional from efficient talker only posing as professional, and this problems concerns not only economic domain. And this is the major problem of societies that rendered their governance power to bureaucratic apparatus. Sadly, post-soviet Russia is not an exception here.
Who will be chosen into this international committee of financial “gurus” by G-20 bureaucrats if this suggestion will be put into practice – only time will tell. However one cannot hope neither that these “gurus” will be more capable of efficient functioning than above mentioned pseudo-Nobel laureates in economics nor that those chosen will produce “powerful ideas” which will lead world economy to the mode of crisis-proof functioning because:
- Firstly, economic theories of the West are meant to solve radically different problems. Example of that are Nobel laureates’ theoretic “proves” that the crisis was impossible and that pumping speculative “hernia” of economy is absolutely safe for the real sector, for the sphere of consumption and political stability, which only allowed those managers of “hernia” achieve their goals and cause the crisis
- Secondly, bureaucracy is notable for its inscrutable “wisdom” and therefore does not need side ideas that in its content do not adhere to morals and opinions of authoritative “gurus” supported by bureaucracy.
As history of economic degradation of post-soviet Russia shows, its bureaucracy finds only defective “gurus” in its pursuit to solve its publicly declared goals of country’s modernization, poverty elimination and increase of wellbeing of its population, and not only multiplication of assets of oligarchs and other “elite” (including bureaucratic elite, which quotes its salary based not on its achievements).
If bureaucrats continue clinging to such approach to the problem, the matters will only become worse. None the less president D.A. Medvedev in his “Address to the Federal Assembly of Russian Federation, November 5th 2008” declared:
“We should not delude ourselves that the economic crisis is anywhere near over yet. We need to keep our wits about us throughout this period and pay close attention to the effectiveness of our work and the justification of our new plans and programs. This applies to the state, business, and to each individual.
I am sure that we will manage to resolve all of these difficulties and will soon put in place a modern and independent financial system able to withstand any external challenges and ensure stable solutions to its own tasks.” (English version of the “Address to the Federal Assembly of RF”)
This last passage is particularly interesting because before stating anything of that sort it is necessary to:
- Unveil the flaws of current credit-financial system
- Work out principles of building a credit-financial system free from the flaws of the current one
- Prepare a transition plan from the flawed system to improved one
- Prepare executive resources that will be able to function efficiently in the new system
- Find ways and means to retire representatives of current executive apparatus which would not be able to conform to the new system
Otherwise the statement is nothing but empty words which will never lead to realistic results.